Information about Botulinum toxin therapy
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Botox is a trade name of botulinum toxin which is the most potent neurotoxin. Because of it's dilution however it can be safely used to cause localised paralysis of specific muscles and glands. Examples include cosmetic indications (e.g. forehead muscles causing wrinkles), excessive sweating in armpits or hands, overactive bladder, spasticity. Side effects include bruising, pain, over-correction, undercorrection, allergic reactions
Botulinum toxin paralyses muscles and certain glands. This can be used for medical or cosmetic reasons: -Face muscles causing creases -Spastic muscle overactivity -Excessive sweating Using Botulinum toxin in these conditions can lead to improvement. Technically it is injected near the nerve-muscle junction or near the glands which are at the lower boarder of the skin.
Botox or botulinum toxin is the most potent nerve agent and produced by a bacterium called clostridium botulinum. This toxin can be produced commercially and diluted. Since this preparation does not contain the bacterium, no excess toxin can be produced. In commercially available concentrations this agent is relatively safe. For cosmetic reasons about 50 units are injected under or into the skin. The lethal dose is about 3000 units.
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