Information about Biopsy
Is a diagnostic method in which a small sample of tissues and/or cells are removed to be examined by a pathologist under a microscope. Samples can also be used for various biochemical tests, and even to test for the presence and activity of particular genes. The term biopsy is often used to refers to the act of taking the sample and the tissue sample itself.
The sample may be obtained from any organ, by any of several methods, including suction through a needle, swabbing, scraping, endoscopy, and cutting out the entire structure or a part of it to be tested (excisional and incisional biopsy respectively). When a wide needle is used, the procedure is called a core biopsy. When a thin needle is used, the procedure is called a fine-needle aspiration biopsy.
One of the commonest reasons for undertaking a biopsy is to establish whether a tumor is malignant or benign.The excisional biopsy, also known as surgical biopsy entails the surgical removal of a entire tumor mass and is a diagnostic technique that simultaneously serves as a treatment..
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A cervical biopsy is not dangerous. Most women tolerate a cervical punch biopsy without a local anaesthetic. It is accompanied by a small amount of bleeding. Women are advised to avoid swimming, intercourse and the use of tampons for at least a week. A cervical biopsy is indicated if the cervical smear is abnormal.
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